Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental health condition that causes extreme shifts in mood, energy, activity levels and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.
Treatment includes medications and psychotherapy. Lifestyle changes such as getting enough sleep and staying active can help manage the illness.
The emotional turmoil characteristic of bipolar disorder can devastate relationships with friends and family members. Treatment plans for bipolar disorder include medication, psychotherapy and lifestyle changes to manage symptoms.
About 1 percent of the U.S. population has bipolar disorder in any given year, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Although often thought of as a problem that strikes adults, children can have bipolar disorder too.
The high rate of co-occurring conditions associated with bipolar disorder is one reason why it's so important to treat this condition effectively. If left untreated, people with bipolar disorder tend to have more frequent and severe episodes of depression and mania.